Readin' and Writin'...   Free Eats...   Spanky...  Choo-Choo!...  The Pooch....  Hook and Ladder....  Free Wheeling...  Birthday Blues...   A Lad An' A Lamp


With: Stymie, Wheezer, Dorothy, Sherwood, Donald, Pete the Pup
New to the Gang: Kendall "Breezy Brisbane" McComas, Carlena "Marmalade" Beard
Notable adults:  June Marlowe
Directed by Robert F. McGowan
Reviewed by JB

      STORY:  Breezy thinks going to school is pointless, and does everything he can to get expelled.

Breezy      Kendall McComas, hereby known as his character name Breezy Brisbane, came from Mickey Rooney's Mickey McGuire series where he was known by the less euphonious name of Stinky Davis.  Breezy was an obvious attempt at giving the Our Gang series a new leading man in the tradition of Mickey Daniels and Jackie Cooper, and a good choice he was too.  Unfortunately for him, Roach soon discovered an even newer Our Gang member who would quickly become the focus of the series - 3-year-old Spanky McFarland.  A few films later, Dickey Moore would be added to the cast as its leading man, and Breezy would quickly be gone.  A shame, because like Jackie Cooper, Breezy made himself at home in the Our Gang world immediately.  Although Readin' and Writin' is his first film with the Gang, he feels as if he has been with them for years.  In this one film alone, he also contributes two deathless Our Gang catchphrases: his unforgettable wiseguy farewell to Miss Crabtree "So long, Crabby!" and his internal monologue mantra "Learn that poem... learn that poem."

     The film, centered at the schoolhouse, hearkens back to the classics Teacher's Pet and School's Out.  There's a nice bit of internal continuity for a series not known for such things, in that, at "six years of old age", it is Wheezer, Stymie and Dorothy's first day of school.  Naturally, that continuity is rendered meaningless by Miss Crabtree asking them their names, when she has clearly met them before in the series.  With a three month hiatus between the last film and this one, all three kids are more confident in front of the camera, easily working their way through dialogue routines they would have stumbled over a year earlier.  June Marlowe, as Miss Crabtree, seems to have picked up a few things from her years with the gang, pulling off a double-take that would make Jackie Cooper or Mary Ann Jackson proud.  Even the unsung gang members that have suddenly appeared en masse brim with self-assurance, especially in the questions and answers section that is reminiscent of School's Out:

"Bobby, what is 2 and 1?"
"Shoe polish."
"What is 3 and 1?"
"No, darling, I don't you think you understand.  Now, if a hen laid an egg hear, and I laid two here..."
"Aw, I don't think you can do it!"

     After Breezy ticks off Miss Crabtree one too many times, she gives him an ultimatum - recite the silly poem Sherwood's mother has written, or be expelled.  He chooses expulsion.  This leads to a forced climax in which Breezy, after being haunted by his conscience ("Learn that poem... learn that poem...") comes crawling back and recites the poem in tears while the class laughs at him, and Marmalade brings in a skunk, effectively ending the school day.  Despite this unconvincing finale, Readin' and Writin' is a memorable entry into the series, and a fine debut for the underrated Breezy Brisbane.


This was June Marlowe's last film as the beloved Miss Crabtree.  Born Gisela Goetten, Marlowe was a silent movie actress and model.    She got the part of Miss Crabtree by pure luck on a chance meeting with director Robert F. McGowan, and wore a blond wig for the part of at the suggestion of Hal Roach.  She was featured with her natural brunette hair in Laurel and Hardy's first feature PARDON US.  Marlowe had a relatively undistinguished movie career, but will always be remembered for her work in the Our Gang series.  Although she only appeared in a few films with the kids, her sweet portrayal of Miss Crabtree makes her the first adult character fans will think of when they remember Our Gang.  As Hal Roach said: "She was not a great actress; you just liked her, and that was enough." 


In the background music, directly after the Our Gang theme "Good Old Days" comes a LeRoy Shield piece that brings back memories of my childhood every time I hear it.  Titled "Little Dancing Girl", it was used so often in Our Gang films, it was burned into my brain as a child as I watched The Little Rascals on television.  Instantly identifiable for its jaunty piano solo, "Little Dancing Girl" is my favorite piece of Shield music.


"What's your father doing?"
"Twenty years!"


"The Daffodil Poem"
(by Sherwood's Mother, as recited by Sherwood)

High up grew a daffodil,
I couldn't hardly reach her
Said I to me I think I will
get it for my teacher

I clumb to get the daffodil
out on a limb so thin
I tumbled down like Jack and Jill
and skinned my little shin

And here's the pretty daffodil
I brought to my new teacher
I love her dear and I always will:
I'm awful glad to meetcha!!


With: Stymie, Wheezer, Breezy, Dorothy, Donald, Sherwood, Pete the Pup
New to the Gang: George "Spanky" McFarland
Notable adults: Billy Gilbert, Paul Fix, Tiny Lawrence (fat midget), Major Mite (smaller midget)
Directed by Raymond McCarey
Reviewed by JB

     STORY:  Two midgets dressed as babies are stealing the jewelry at a rich woman's charity party for children, but only Stymie seems to realize it.

Fidgets      Following on the heels of Dogs is Dogs and Readin' and Writin', Free Eats shows that the Our Gang comedies were still as good as ever.  The addition of Breezy Brisbane took some of the load off of Wheezer and Stymie, the wimpy but lovable Sherwood had come into his own in the two previous films, and Dorothy's blank stares and explosive takes (she does a great one at the sight of the fat midget) were always good for a couple of laughs each film.  In addition, Free Eats would mark the introduction of young George McFarland, better known as Spanky.  Coming into the series at age three, he would soon become the center of the Our Gang world, remaining so throughout the rest of the Roach series.

    Free Eats features one of the most interesting adult casts that can be found in an Our Gang film.  Billy Gilbert is the head of a bizarre crime gang which includes Paul Fix - in drag! - and two midgets dressed as the ugliest babies you will ever hope to see.  Throughout the film, the "fidgets", as Stymie calls them, systematically make off with necklaces and pearls from the rich women at a charity party, while Stymie tries to convince the rest of the gang that they are not what they seem.  There are few individual gags in the film, but things ride along nicely on the situations themselves, and the ever-amusing site of the midgets pretending to be babies.  Directed by Raymond McCarey, brother of the more famous Leo, Free Eats may be an atypical Our Gang short, but it is a funny, unforgettable one. 


In a fight to keep the "fidgets" from stealing from the safe, the fatter fidget pulls a gun.  Young Spanky grabs it and spends much of the scene holding it, ready to fire.  When he does, it turns out to be not a real gun... but a trick cigarette case! 


With: Spanky, Breezy, Stymie, Wheezer, Dorothy, Sherwood, Pete the Pup
New to the Gang: Tommy Bond
Notable adults: Billy Gilbert
Directed by Robert F. McGowan; Spanky's test footage directed by James W. Horne
Reviewed by JB

     STORY: Breezy and the Gang stage Uncle Tom's Cabin, while his father hides money in the wall and his baby brother Spanky hunts bugs with a hammer.

     If the above summary of Spanky seems schizophrenic, that's because it is.   As Leonard Maltin and Richard Bann theorize in their excellent and exhaustive The Little Rascals: The Life and Times of Our Gang, the film may have been scheduled as a story about the Gang putting on their version of Uncle Tom's Cabin, but the discovery of Spanky lead to a hasty rewrite.  Thus, it is an average Our Ganger, torn between several ideas, each one of them getting short shrift.

     Spanky's original test footage is spliced into the film, probably the opening scene where he babbles to a confused Petey about the picture books he is looking at.  The scene shows Spanky to be an irresistibly cute little guy, but it doesn't bear up to repeated viewings.  It's like watching home movies of somebody else's kids - cute once, maybe twice, and then you're looking around at the walls and hoping the phone will ring or something. 

     The production of Uncle Tom's Cabin is fairly good fun, though not hilarious.  Sherwood camps it up as Aunt Ophelia, Dorothy's cough as Little Eva sounds like the roar of a flatulent lion thanks to a home-made device Wheezer manipulates offstage, and Stymie is cajoled into playing two parts - Uncle Tom and Topsy.  Wheezer, who looks remarkably like comic Bobby Clark (or modern day comic Bill Irwin) introduces his character as "Mr. Marx".  When asked by "Ophelia" if he is Groucho or Zeppo, he replies he is Harpo, and chases "Ophelia" around the stage.  Like all good Our Gang stage productions, it features various foodstuffs hurled at the cast, with the main victim being Breezy, who plays Simon Legree.

     Disappointing after three outstanding shorts, the problems of Spanky are understandable.  Spanky McFarland was clearly talented and funny, and Roach wanted him in the shorts any way he could.  Now he would have to find a way to better integrate this new member into the cast without throwing off the balance of the stories.

     According to the Maltin-Bann book, Tommy Bond is in the cast somewhere, possibly in the opening scene described below.  Bond would soon become an Our Gang regular, and after leaving the series, would return again, this time as Butch, the most famous Our Gang tough guy.


In the opening scene of Uncle Tom's Cabin, a cast of kids is dressed in blackface and are picking cotton while miming to a spiritual playing on a phonograph offstage.


With: Spanky, Stymie, Wheezer, Breezy, Sherwood, Donald, Dorothy, Pete the Pup
New to the Gang: Wally Albright, Harold "Bouncy" Wertz
Notable Adults: Del Henderson
Directed by Robert F. McGowan
Reviewed by JB

     STORY: The Gang create havoc on a train.

Hello, folks!     Remarkably devoid of decent gags and solid laughs.  It is simply not funny to present the Gang as a collection of brats who pull hair, start fights and punch people.  Having said that, there are some points of interest:

    (A) Spanky appears in the opening credits, saying "Hello, folks!" and giggling.  Either Spanky was already the most popular rascal, or Roach was really pushing hard for him to become so.

    (B)  Sherwood's place as Our Gang's sissy is solidified when he happily exchanges clothes with Dorothy, wearing her dress and bow.  Perhaps playing "Aunt Ophelia" in the previous film awakened something in him?

    (C) In a strange disregard of continuity (so what else is new?), Dorothy is not even presented as one of the gang, but as a young girl with her mother on the train. 

    (D) Young Wally Albright appears in this film.  He would later be one of Our Gang's leading men, most memorably as the rich kid with the snooty chauffeur in Honky-Donkey.

    (E) This is as good a time as any to mention character actor Otto Fries, one of Our Gang's Most Valuable Adults.  He was one of those Roach guys who played many characters for all the Roach series.  Among other Our Gang characters, Fries played Joe Cobb's father in Railroadin', Donald/Speck's father in The First Seven Years, the nice social worker in Little Daddy, and the detective in Free Eats.  In Choo-Choo!, he plays a drunken novelty salesman.  A few years later, he played the elevator operator in the Marx Brothers' A NIGHT AT THE OPERA, in which Groucho calls him by his actual first name.

    (F) During the course of this tedious comedy, Fries, as the salesman, is licked in the face by a bear.  When he yells in fright, it is not his own voice on the soundtrack, but that of Oliver Hardy!   


With: Stymie, Spanky, Breezy, Wheezer, Sherwood, Dorothy, Bouncy, Pete the Pup
Special Guest Dog: Laughing Gravy
Directed by Robert F. McGowan
Reviewed by JB

      STORY: After a day spent begging for food, Stymie must get five dollars or else Petey will be gassed by the dogcatcher.

      After several disappointing Spanky-oriented shorts comes this wonderful showcase vehicle for Stymie.      Despite the Chaplinesque setup, The Pooch, like most recent Our Gang films in general, has a sunny outlook on life.  This new optimism is evident by the women Stymie begs food from.  Rather than treat him harshly, like many adults from previous films would have done, both women are rather pleasant and easily give into Stymie's charms.  There would be fewer gun-toting farmers and evil stepmothers on the horizon, although the film does have a nasty dogcatcher who attempts to gas Petey, a jarring turn of events for such a happy, fun little film.

     The use of Spanky as Stymie's sidekick is inspired.  It allowed Spanky to be showcased, but not to hog footage.  Even at this young age, he proved to be excellent at dialogue, and his running conversations with Stymie are among the film's highlights.  As well, the cutaway shots of him running after Stymie (Our Gang was still consistently using silent footage in many of their action sequences) are funny and adorable.


With: Spanky, Stymie, Breezy, Sherwood, Dorothy, Bouncy, Pete the Pup
New to the Gang: Dickie Moore
Directed by Robert F. McGowan
Reviewed by JB

     STORY: The Gang run a makeshift firehouse and wait for a real fire.

Fire chief      A solid comedy based on a surefire premise, Hook and' Ladder features good dialogue, fine slapstick and elaborate mechanical gags.  But there is a generic Mack Sennett quality to the film stemming from the non-exploitation of the talents and established characters of most of the players.  With the exception of Dickie, Spanky and Stymie, all the other gang members come off as placeholders, characters written into the film just to have a gang.  Breezy has devolved from the tough wiseguy who brings in a mule to school to a good little citizen who proudly tells the authorities "The paper said to help the fire department!".  Sherwood was developing into a fun little character good for incidental business (and occasional cross-dressing), but he too is just another "fireman" filling out a bed.  Dorothy smells a rotten egg and gets a face full of white powder and doesn't even get to do one of her patented takes.  Wheezer, whose devilish personality has recently been replaced with no personality at all, isn't even here.  And Bouncy?  Who's Bouncy?  In the shorts that came before, two or three kids would handle the main story, and other gang members would be highlighted in little vignettes, so that you got to know and love all the gang.  At this time in the series, it was basically Dickie, Stymie and Spanky who took charge, and the rest of the gang might as well have been The Keystone Cops for all the individuality they show. This generification of the Gang would continue until the later Spanky and Alfalfa years, when the Gang was trimmed down to just a handful of characters, all of them with distinct personalities. 

     Dickey Moore, an appealing kid, is now the Gang's leading man, and, at least for this film, Spanky's older brother.  As fire chief, his main duties are making sure everybody snores like real firemen, and getting Assistant Chief Spanky to take his worm medicine.   He acquits himself nicely on both counts. 

    Despite my criticisms above, Hook and Ladder is a funny, fast-paced and creative comedy with expertly executed gags and witty dialogue.

Sherwood     P.S.  There is a new Petey in town.  His ring is now around his other eye.

     P.P.S.  This was Sherwood "Spud" Bailey's final Our Gang film.  One of those underrated Our Gang players not often praised by fans, Sherwood was integral to at least two classic Our Gang films:  Dogs is Dogs and Readin' and Writin'.


"I can't get the assistant chief's pants on!"


"Remember, men: we're volume-teers.  We don't get no pay."
"What's that, no pay?  How come?"
"I don't want any pay.  Do you, Breezy?"
"Nuh-uh.  All I wanna do is squirt water."


With: Dickey, Stymie, Breezy, Dorothy
New to the Gang: Jacquie Lyn
Directed by Robert F. McGowan
Reviewed by JB

     STORY: The doctor says Dickie needs excitement in his life, and a ride in the Gang's donkey-powered taxi proves to be just the thing.

      Another bright, cheerful comedy with more of an emphasis on personality than on pure gags.  Dickie is cast as the rich kid in town who is pampered against his will by his mother.  Some unnamed affliction makes Dickie unable to move his head (that is, when actor Dickie remembers character Dickie is supposed to have a stiff neck) and he is tended to by a round-the-clock nurse.  Both the doctor and Dickie's father feel the boy will only get better if he gets our and "roughs it up" a little bit, but his mother adamantly refuses to heed their advice.  Enter Stymie, who offers him a ride in the Gang's taxi, and, within seconds, cures his stiff neck by a quick turn of his head.

     Over the past few films, the realism of the Our Gang world has been giving way to a new sunny optimism and a reliance on funny gimmicks (midgets, an elaborate firehouse, the gang's cab).  The runaway cab sequence in this film takes the Gang out of the real world completely, thanks to horribly obvious back projection work.  It hurts this film less than it hurts similar bad effects in Laurel and Hardy's County Hospital, but it is still disconcerting to see.  

     Speaking of Laurel and Hardy, Spanky now has his own sidekick, cute little Jacquie Lyn, whom Laurel and Hardy fans will remember from their feature PACK UP YOUR TROUBLES.  She would only be around for a handful of Our Gang films.


"The Natural Broadcasting Sister. Tony Rollins speaking.  Is you lissnin'?"


With: Dickie, Spanky, Stymie, Jacquie, Cotton, Dorothy, Donald, Pete the Pup
New to the Gang: Bobbie "Cotton" Beard
Directed by Robert F. McGowan
Reviewed by JB

     STORY: To buy a dress for his mother's birthday, Dickie holds a bake sale.

     A consistently amusing and touching comedy, Birthday Blues is memorable mostly for the gigantic square cake filled with prizes and baked by the gang, a confection which is so unstable, it throbs and bubbles and threatens to explode, and makes a noise best transcribed as "Mweeeep-MMwowwwww".  Birthday Blues also contains this classic exchange between Dickie and Spanky, when Spanky suggests buying Mom a gun for her birthday:

"Aw, what' would she do with a gun?"
"Shoot Papa!"

     The message behind Birthday Blues is kids should be allowed to be kids.  You could say that is the message of the entire series, and it is a message we too often forget in these jaded times.

     Yet another Beard joins the Gang, this time Stymie's young sibling Bobbie as "Cotton".   And this would be Kendall "Breezy Brisbane" McComas's last Our Gang film.  He would return to the Mickey McGuire series to once again portray Stinky Davis.


When Stymie takes the recipe directions "Set on stove" a bit too literally, he wipe the sweat off his brow.  With a flick of his hand, the sweat lands up on the wall in an ugly stream of black dots.  I can normally rationalize away racial gags in old movies, and the ones in Our Gang tended to be innocent, but this one is inexcusable.


With: Stymie, Spanky, Dickie, Cotton, Wheezer, Dorothy, Donald, Pete the Pup, Jigs the Chimp
Directed by Robert F. McGowan
Reviewed by JB

     STORY: Spanky thinks that Cotton has been turned into a chimpanzee by a genie.

     As I mention in my review of Birthday Blues, I can usually rationalize away racial gags in old movies, accepting them as simply part of the standard humor of the times.  But in A Lad 'an a Lamp, I just have to give up trying.  Spanky wishing Cotton was a monkey is innocent enough, but the line "All he needs is a tail" just doesn't fly these days.  Stymie wishing for a watermelon once is fine, but repeating it over and over, along with wishes for fried chicken and that his daddy be let out of jail... Whatever happened to the gag writers who could come up with things like "The Ham and Eggs Story" for Stymie?  What makes it worse is that the story is one big contrivance after another just so they can "turn" little Cotton into a monkey for some cute scenes with Spanky.  There had to be an easier way to set Spanker up with Jiggs the Chimp.   A later Roach short, Three Smart Boys, in which Spanky and Alfalfa think Buckwheat has been turned into a monkey, is much more plausible, without the disparaging racial overtones of the "all he needs is a tail" variety.

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